Category Archives: other RD&D

Renewables, Ready or Not?


C Noel, R Davis – Offshore Technology Conference, May 2012

Abstract
This paper provides a rank/value for offshore power generated with both renewable- and conventional- energy sources relative to four (4) project scenarios: Status Quo, Supply-to-the-Rescue, The Green Agenda, and Double Jeopardy. The work to select a power solution began by identifying a key focus question about the future that the scenarios would address: How will the demand for offshore (subsea) power and the potential externalities that may result shape the power generation options over the next decade? The paper also points to resources that can shed light on the latest technological advances and future trends for renewable energy sources. The hope of the author is that the paper will prove to be a useful reference for R&D specialists and project engineers who are often asked to respond to the question: Renewables – Ready or Not?

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Attitudes of Scottish fishers towards marine renewable energy


KA Alexander, TA Wilding, JJ Heymans – Marine Policy, May 2012

Abstract

Development of the offshore renewable energy sector will have implications for the fishing industry by limiting access and navigation, and potential impacts (both positive and negative) upon commercially fished species. Fishers’ attitudes and behaviour have been found to influence the success of fishery management measures, compliance with regulations, and Marine Protected Areas; suggesting they may also affect offshore renewable energy developments. A postal survey was conducted to investigate fishers’ attitudes towards offshore energy extraction and any influential factors in terms of fishing experience and practice, association membership, location, and knowledge of offshore renewable energy installations. The most important factor influencing fishers’ opinions was whether they knew of a nearby offshore development, followed by location (whether they operate from the mainland or the islands); and despite concerns regarding the perceived impacts and mitigation the majority of fishers held either neutral or positive attitudes towards offshore renewable energy extraction.

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Determinants of Renewable Energy Innovation: environmental policies vs. market regulation


F Vona, F Nicolli, L Nesta – 2012

Abstract
This paper carries out a comprehensive analysis of renewable energy innovations considering four mechanisms suggested by innovation models: 1. policy-inducement; 2. market structure; 3. demand and social cohesion-mainly proxied by income inequality; 4. characteristics of country knowledge base. For OECD countries and years 1970-2005, we build a unique dataset containing time-varying information on quality-adjusted patent production in renewable energy, the latter being a function of environmental policies, green R&D, entry barriers, knowledge stock, knowledge diversity and income inequality. We develop count data models using the Generalized Method of Moments (GMM) to account for endogeneity of policy support. Our synthetic policy index positively affects innovations especially in countries with deregulated energy markets and low entry barriers. The effect of entry barriers and inequality is negative and of similar magnitude as that of policy. Product market liberalization positively affects green patent generation, especially so when ambitious policies are adopted, when the initial level of public R&D expenditures and when the initial share of distributed energy generation is high. Our results are robust to alternative specifications, to the inclusion of technology-specific effects and to the use of quality-adjusted patents as dependent variables. In the latter case, the estimated effect of lowering entry barriers and of knowledge diversity almost double on citation count relatively to patent count.

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