G Li, G Weiss, M Mueller, S Townley, MR Belmont – Renewable Energy, June 2012
► We investigate constrained optimal control of sea wave energy converters. ► The objective is to maximize energy take-off while minimizing the risk of damage. ► The optimal control problem is analyzed using Pontryagin’s minimum principle. ► Dynamic programming is employed to resolve the on-line optimization problem. ► Simulation result shows at least a two-fold increase in energy output.