Y Nishi, K Ono, K Kokobum – Journal of Marine Science and Technology, April 2012
This study carried out an experiment to develop a renewable energy system utilizing vortex induced vibration(VIV) that can drive generators even in weak flow conditions. In our experimental setup, the translation motions of a cylinder undergoing VIV and a linear-type generator (coil and magnet) are connected through a rotational machinery, which enables us to apply the principle of leverage, leading to power generation even by small excitation force acting on the cylinder. The measurement shows that the present system performs optimally under the lock-in and upper branch conditions, and that there exists an optimum length of the lever of electromagnetic moment on a center of the rotation. Efficiencies of primary (from flows to the VIV) and secondary (from the VIV to electricity) energy conversions are estimated to show that the primary one is not enough high. We thus propose a few directions to improve it.